Caitlin Powell’s induction into the world of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) began around age seven. At that time, she was experiencing abdominal pain due to an inflamed appendix. During surgical removal of her appendix, doctors serendipitously noticed a large granuloma on her intestines. The next month involved a flurry of doctors’ appointments to determine why a seven year old would have a granuloma. Eventually, tests uncovered a diagnosis of CGD. “This was quite a surprise to me and my parents,” says Caitlin. “As far as we knew, there wasn’t any family history of CGD.”
Caitlin’s parents empowered her early on by giving her opportunities to talk with doctors and ask questions. “I began giving myself shots in elementary school,” explains Caitlin. “By allowing me to do so, they were helping me to feel more in control of the condition and the impact on my life.”
Over the years, Caitlin has mostly maintained her health, only experiencing a couple rough patches along the way. In seventh grade, she developed Aspergillosis, an infection caused by a common mold. Most people breathe in Aspergillus spores every day without getting sick. However, people with weakened immune systems, such as CGD, are at a higher risk of developing health problems from these mold spores. After graduating from college, she had a bowel obstruction caused from the granuloma she had as a child, which required surgery to repair. In 2014, she was hospitalized with esophagitis, commonly due to opportunistic infections in people with immunodeficiency.
Many teens find it challenging to make the transition from pediatric to adult healthcare but not Caitlin. “I worked at a pharmacy in high school and that taught me the importance of adhering to a treatment regime,” she explains. “With my parents allowing me to take early ownership of my management and my pharmacy experience, I was pretty well equipped to make the transition into self-care.”
These days, Caitlin manages her health with what she describes as the trifecta—antibiotics, antifungals, and Actimmune. “This keeps me pretty healthy.” While CGD does require management, Caitlin doesn’t sit back and let the disease steer her life. “While you have no choice in whether or not you have to live with CGD, you do have a choice in how you respond to it,” says Caitlin. “I don’t live my life walking around and asking Why me? Instead, I live my life with resilience and optimism.”
When asked how the diagnosis has affected life decisions, she responds “Minimally. It had no bearing on my career choice as a teacher,” although she does concede taking extra precautions. “Flus and colds spread like wildfire in the classroom so I am cautious to minimize my exposure.” Caitlin does acknowledge the largest impact CGD has had on her life is the choice of where to live. “I do need to live near a hospital and specialist who is knowledgeable about CGD,” says Caitlin. “Other than that, I’ve moved beyond being a person with CGD. I am just a person living life to its fullest.”